Author of the Article:PALLABI PAUL
As per Article 57 of the UN Charter includes that the specialized agencies like WHO, ILO formed by the inter-governmental agreements have large international responsibilities of economic, social, educational, cultural, health, etc. The important role of the International Labour Organization(ILO) is that it used to make aware people regarding the role of social protection in alleviating the Covid-19 crisis in developing countries as well as the number of death rates and the resulting consequences where such systems are inadequate.
The International Labour Organization has made recommendations regarding recovery from the COVID-19 crisis which include the following subjects like health care, employment protection, and basic income security. Besides, that two separate shorter briefs are also being published, which focused on the need and importance of examining the sickness benefits in relation to COVID-19 recovery. In Embargo all the relevant materials made regarding Covid-19 would be under STRICT EMBARGO up to 14 May 2020 where the Global Status Report on Violence Prevention states that a large number of people have suffered and became subject to violence. Despite the indication that homicide rates decreased by 16% worldwide, there is still violence even during the Pandemic time too.
By following the guidance of the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN agency for the management of this outbreak ensured that health measures are being put into practice in such a way that can reduce the superfluous impact on international travel and trade, by standing collectively with affected countries.
WHO and UNICEF to partner of Pandemic Response through Covid 19 Solidarity Fund Response
WHO and UNICEF announced an agreement that they ‘ll work collaboratively on COVID-19 issue through the historic COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund powered by the United Nations Foundation and Swiss Philanthropy Foundation.
The COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund has been established with the purpose to facilitate the global response by supporting the WHO Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan. The agreement consists of a part where the money from the Fund which includes more than $127 million will be given to UNICEF for its work with vulnerable children and communities all over the world.
Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General stated that with their experience both in fundraising and in effecting programs, this partnership will help to work together closely to save lives. The money will be used for training and equip communities and health-care workers so that the spreading of COVID – 19 can be reduced.
UNICEF ensured the vulnerable countries they will have access to water, sanitation, hygiene, and other infection prevention and control measures. UNICEF also ensured children, caretakers, and frontline responders such as social workers, and healthcare workers are supported through guidance which is based on evidence.
UNICEF, ensures the children and families around the world are given evidence-based information and guidance of WHO, Moreover, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations, which is a key partner are financing research and development for new vaccines to combat COVID-19, working closely with WHO.
WHO teams up with International Olympic Committee to improve health through sport
WHO has signed an agreement with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) so that to work to improve health conditions through sport. This collaboration is temporary as the present COVID-19 pandemic is affecting people with non-communicable diseases.
As the United Nations Security Council continues to be in a state of repudiation of current events, the question is whether marking COVID-19 as a security issue is a viable path towards bringing nations together to collaborate on an intelligible roadmap in tackling the pandemic.
The role of World Health Organization (WHO) in highlighting Covid – 19 pandemic
The UN and its key agencies including the World Health Organisation WHO has been providing genuine information about the virus and expert public health guidance, so that governments can implement effective policies to contain and reduce the spreading of the virus and mitigate health issues and WHO is providing information to the public by using multiple communication platforms which would not have been possible before the globalization of communication systems, helping people to make informed personal measures to protect themselves and they contact with the Health Ministers of different states has helped governments to form a coordinated approach to the pandemic where possible.
Political leadership from the UN Secretary-General has played a key role in enabling people to follow WHO recommendations and consideration of the political and economic measures that are required in the wake of the pandemic.
UN working to fight COVID-19 and achieve Global Goals
Department of Global Communication
The United Nations Department of Global Communications (DGC) promotes global awareness regarding the work of the United Nations in the following manners
Goal Good health and well being-The World Health Organization (WHO) is leading the global fight against COVID-19. While WHO medical experts supporting Government responses, announced the launch of the “Pass the message to kick out coronavirus” campaign by teaming up with FIFA, which is the international governing body of football. Apart from the more than 300,000 cases of Covid-19 have been found all over the world.
Goal – Quality Education
According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), roughly 1.25 billion learners, or 72.9 percent of total enrolled learners, worldwide have been affected by the coronavirus outbreak as of 20 March. UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay stated that “We must, however, remain mobilized, because this crisis also tells us several things that are very dear to UNESCO’s mission.” UNESCO is supporting Governments for distance learning, scientific cooperation, and information support.
Goal – Gender Equality
The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) has issued a checklist for COVID-19 response that includes 10 asks for Governments. Deputy Executive Director Åsa Regnér says that women carry countries’ well-being on their shoulders and that right now, they are working day and night holding societies together, through health care, maternal care, elderly care, online teaching, child care, in pharmacies, in grocery stores and as social workers.
Goal – Water and Sanitation
One of the most effective ways to slow down transmission is to wash or sanitize hands. Lack of access to clean water affects vulnerability to disease and ill health. It is for this reason that UN-Water members and partners are committing to the SDG 6 Global Acceleration Framework, which will unify the international community and deliver fast results in countries at an increased scale as part of the Decade of Action to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
Goal -Decent Work and Economic Growth
Almost 25 million people could lose their jobs due to a coronavirus-induced economic and labor crisis, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has projected. ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202) said that countries should give assurance to a basic level of social security to all.
Goal – Reduce Inequalities
In crises, the women and children, people with disabilities, the marginalized and the displaced, pay the highest price. At a press, the Secretary-General said that the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Organization for Migration has been working to form. planning, working with the host countries to take steps to stop the arrival of the virus in refugee camps and the states must manage their border.
Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that infect both animals and humans.WHO and other specialized agencies are working with global. experts, governments, to rapidly expand knowledge on the new virus and to provide measures for the safety of wellbeing.